The muscles of the eye and how to exercise them

The human eye has six muscles that control its movement in the eye socket. These muscles, like any other muscles, can be toned, too tight, or too loose. With the stresses and strains of modern living most of our muscles are in a state of tension – which directly affect the shape of the eyeball. Eye exercises can tone these muscles. Toned muscles are in a relaxed state of readiness almost. It has been said that the greatest form of tension is lack of usage. Ask anyone who hardly moves how much energy they have. Then look at someone who exercises regularly. These eye muscles then provide information about what exercises will target what muscles. The muscles in the eyes are:

  1. Elevator of the eyelid – raises the upper eyelid
  2. Superior oblique – rolls the eyeball
  3. Superior rectus – turns the front (cornea) upwards
  4. External rectus – turns the front (cornea) outwards
  5. Internal rectus – turns the front (cornea) inwards
  6. Inferior oblique – rolls the eyeball
  7. Inferior rectus – turns the front (cornea) downwards

The primary muscle to affect the shape of the eyeball is the superior oblique muscle (number 2). A simple eye rolling exercise, controlled so it takes 10 seconds or so to perform one rotation done for 1 minute each direction will target this muscle. Practice this everyday along with other muscles. This is a great video which shows how this muscle works.

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